Chat GPT and Copyright: Legal and Ethical Challenges

Kumari Simran Sharma & Aditi Singh Kavia


Chat GPT, has revolutionized human-computer interactions by enabling human-like conversations. This cutting-edge technology has numerous benefits but raises serious legal and ethical questions. This paper intends to understand the legal and ethical challenges and propose solutions. The AI language model is trained using a vast amount of data, including literary works, which is the subject matter of copyright. the output generated by the Chat GPT can likely be similar to the existing copyright-protected work, which can cause copyright infringement issues. It aims to highlight the legal issues, mainly concerning liability, copyright protection, ownership, intellectual property rights, privacy rights, attribution, and accountability relating to these works. The ethical challenges of plagiarism, misinformation and unauthorized use and misuse of work in the academic field, and the legal provisions under the Copyright Act, 1957 and Information Technology Act, 2000 and other regulations relating to data protection to understand the applicability of these laws on the Chat GPT are analyzed. The paper intends to examine the legal framework for regulating AI in countries like the US, Canada, England, Singapore, New Zealand and China, by examining the judicial position on AI’s ownership and liability aspects through relevant case laws. A regulatory framework for the responsible use of technology, which can be conducive to mitigating the legal and ethical risks associated with artificial intelligence is proposed.

Key Words:Chat GPT, Authorship, Copyright, Infringement, Artificial Intelligence (AI)

Recommended Citation

Kumari Simran Sharma & Aditi Singh Kavia, ‘Chat GPT and Copyright: Legal and Ethical Challenges’ (2023) 1(1) OUJIPR, 174 accessed [date] Available at:

download PDF